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Tuesday, August 4, 2020 | History

2 edition of Small refiners exemption act of 1975 found in the catalog.

Small refiners exemption act of 1975

United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs.

Small refiners exemption act of 1975

hearing before the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs, United States Senate, pursuant to S. Res. 45, the National fuels and energy policy study, Ninety-fourth Congress, first session, on S. 861 ... March 5, 1975.

by United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs.

  • 94 Want to read
  • 17 Currently reading

Published by U.S. Govt. Print. Off. in Washington .
Written in English

    Places:
  • United States.
    • Subjects:
    • Petroleum law and legislation -- United States.,
    • Petroleum refineries -- Law and legislation -- United States.

    • Classifications
      LC ClassificationsKF26 .I5 1975d
      The Physical Object
      Paginationiii, 90 p. ;
      Number of Pages90
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL4852860M
      LC Control Number75601918

        Scott Irwin describes the impact of the USEPA grated Small Refinery Exemptions to the Bio-based Diesel and Ethanol industries. The impact of small refinery exemptions (SREs) under the RFS continues to be a highly controversial subject. While there is no doubt that SREs have opened a backdoor mechanism for the EPA to reduce the statutory and obligated RFS volumes (farmdoc daily, J ), there is sharp disagreement about the impact of SREs on the physical consumption of ethanol.

        Growth Energy CEO Emily Skor issued the following statement on the Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) announcement that it granted five new small refinery exemptions for , bringing the total gallons of lost demand to billion in To determine whether a small refinery should be exempt, the U.S. Department of Energy came up with a test that the EPA would then look at when .

        EPA says it evaluates requests to determine if exemptions or warranted “based on information presented by the petitioning refinery and on the statutory and regulatory requirements for exemption.” According to Cooper, there is “absolutely no evidence showing small refineries are suffering ‘disproportionate economic harm’ due to the RFS.   As farmers and biofuel producers continue to wait for a promised “small refinery waiver mitigation efforts” from the administration, U.S. Rep. Rodney Davis (R-Ill.) this week introduced the Small Refinery Exemption Fairness Act of , which would require the EPA Administrator to use the average number of Small Refinery Exemptions (SREs) granted in .


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Small refiners exemption act of 1975 by United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs. Download PDF EPUB FB2

Additionally, the small refinery may not have an average aggregate daily crude oil throughput greater t bpd in the most recent full calendar year prior to submitting a petition, and cannot be projected to exceed bpd threshold in the year or years for which it is seeking an exemption.

Get this from a library. Small refiners exemption act of hearing before the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs, United States Senate, pursuant to S. Res. 45, the National fuels and energy policy study, Ninety-fourth Congress, first session, on S. March 5, [United States. Congress. Senate.

Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs.]. Electronic books: Additional Physical Format: Print version: United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs. Small refiners exemption act of (DLC) Microfiche version: United States.

Congress. Senate. Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs. Small refiners exemption act of [Bethesda, Md. Under the second Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS2), the rules changed a little bit, but the underlying sentiment remained.

The refinery applying for the exemption still had to meet the definition of small refinery, however, that refinery needed to be a small refinery for the year rather than the year   Starting in the compliance year, small refineries—those rated at less t barrels per day (b/d) of crude oil throughput—could petition EPA for an exemption if RFS compliance would cause disproportionate economic hardship for the refinery.

SRE waivers exempt petroleum refineries from their renewable volume obligation (RVO. The Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) mandates the amount of renewable fuels refineres must blend into the U.S. transportation fuel supply. As part of the RFS program, the U.S.

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) can grant annual waivers to some petroleum refineries, called small refinery exemptions (SREs), which are provided under conditions of economic hardship. H.R.

To amend section (o) of the Clean Air Act to adjust the renewable fuel obligation to account for the full volume of gasoline and diesel produced by small refineries that are exempt under paragraph (9), and for other purposes.

Ina database of bills in. The "Small Refinery Exemption Study: An Investigation into Disproportionate Economic Hardship" and the Addendum to the study were provided by the Department of Energy. You may need a PDF reader to view some of the files on this page.

See. Despite the mounting public outcry for greater transparency (including this letter sent today by Sen. Tammy Duckworth), the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) still refuses to disclose the names of the oil refiners seeking and receiving small refinery exemptions (SREs) from their Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) blending obligations.

It seems. EPA is granting 31 small refinery RFS exemptions for the compliance year, as well as 6 denials.

The estimated volume of gasoline and diesel exempted is 13, million gallons; the estimated renewable volume obligations (RVO) exempted is 1, million RINs. The Clean Air Act (CAA) exempted small refineries from. Small refinery exemptions (SREs) represent the latest controversy to engulf the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS).

When the U.S. Congress first created the RFS in the Energy Policy Act of (P.L. ) it included a temporary exemption for small refineries from the mandate through Under the Obama Administration, SREs were rarely granted after   “As long as that law is on the books, EPA needs to enforce it.

Does the law allow small refinery exemptions. Yes, it does. But it also says if you're going to exempt 31 small refiners, you need. A letter issued last week by a bipartisan group of senators urging the Environmental Protection Agency to not grant petitions for Small Refinery Exemptions under the.

by Erin Voegele (Biomass Magazine) The U.S. EPA released updated small refinery exemption (SRE) data on Feb. 21, reporting that two March 4, Read Full Article Ethanol Industry Added $ Billion to Minnesota’s Economy in If EPA continues to hand out small refinery exemptions at the same rate as init will reduce biodiesel demand by billion gallons and cause a $ billion loss for the industry, according to University of Illinois economist Scott Irwin.

Just one small refinery exemption can eliminate demand for an entire biodiesel facility. The term petition means a petition for an exemption from the requirements of paragraph (2) of section (o) of the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C.

(o)) under paragraph (9) of that section for a calendar year. Annual deadline for petitions by small refineries for exemptions from renewable fuel requirements (a) Deadline.

Present combined benefits of the exemption and the small‐refiner bias were estimated at $ million a month, Mr. Califano said. He contended that the change would benefit larger refiners.

The exemption, which applies to the three smallest of Andeavor’s ten refineries, marks the first evidence of the EPA freeing a multi-billion dollar company from the costly mandates of the U.S.

Renewable Fuel Standard. The law requires refiners to blend biofuels such as ethanol into gasoline, or purchase credits from those who do such blending. A small refinery is defined as having an average crude oil input of less t barrels per day. Refiners submit a petition for exemption to EPA.

The agency may grant the permit only if, using evidence provided in the petition for exemption, it determines that “disproportionate economic hardship” exists for the refinery in that year.

Small Refinery Exemptions Under the Renewable Fuel Standard Program • The Energy Policy Act of (EPAct) established the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) program under Section (o) of the Clean Air Act (CAA) mandating gasoline sold in the United States contain a minimum amount of renewable fuel content determined on an annual production volume basis (original.

The Environmental Protection Agency will announce in New York Thursday new rules limiting the amount of lead in gasoline and ending a special exemption for small refiners, Administration officials.Summary of H.R - th Congress (): Small Refinery Exemption Fairness Act of Administration must allow regulatory relief to small refineries under the renewable fuel standard By Sen.

Jim Inhofe (R-Okla.), Opinion Contributor — 07/24/19 AM EDT.